The Garden of Eden, also called the Terrestrial Paradise, or simply Paradise, is the biblical “Garden of God” described in the Book of Genesis and the Book of Ezekiel. Genesis 13:10 refers to the “garden of God”, and the “trees of the garden” are mentioned in Ezekiel 31:9.
The beautiful garden containing the tree of life, where God intended Adam and Eve to live in peaceful and contented innocence, effortlessly reaping the fruits of the Earth. The garden also contained the tree of knowledge of good and evil, from which Adam and Eve were forbidden to eat.
The Garden in Eden was, therefore, like heaven on earth. Although sin didn’t yet exist on the earth when God originally created the Garden in Eden, it was God’s revelation of his beauty, perfection, peace — and really every aspect of his wonderful nature — to mankind.
Some claim that the name “Eden” derives from the Akkadian term edinu, which means ‘plain’. In the biblical tradition, the garden is often alluded to by the biblical authors as a luxuriant place, which is why it is sometimes called the “Garden of God.” However, it is the biblical definition of the garden that is our concern here. Adam was the first man created by God in his image. After God saw the loneliness of Adam as “not good,” God caused a deep sleep on Adam and created Eve (the first woman) out of Adam’s rib as his helper (Genesis 2:20-23). To properly understand what the garden is to the narrator of Genesis, it is important to discern its location, the characters playing roles in it and what took place in it. All these contribute to our understanding of the biblical definition of the “Garden of Eden.”