Adam and Eve were the first man and woman. They are central to the belief that humanity is in essence a single family, with everyone descended from a single pair of original ancestors.
In the biblical version of creation, God, having made Adam and Eve in his own image, sets them loose in the Garden of Eden with a simple command: “You may eat from any tree in the garden but do not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
If you do, you shall die.” Of course, the serpent, the craftiest of God’s creations, tells them otherwise: “You will certainly not die,” he says. “For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God,knowing good and evil.”
Man and woman both eat the forbidden fruit, and neither die. The serpent was right. Thus, God banishes Adam and Eve from the garden as punishment for defying his command, and places angels bearing flaming swords at Eden’s gates to ensure that neither man nor woman could ever return.
God gave them free will and hoped they would obey him, but they decided not to. God places the first man and woman (Adam and Eve) in his Garden of Eden, from whence they are expelled; the first murder follows, and God’s decision to destroy the world and save only the righteous Noah and his sons; a new humanity then descends from these and spreads throughout the world.